Hathor

Handmade jewellery series based on Turquoise

Turquoise is considered as a semiprecious stone when it is mixed with other minerals and a precious stone when it is pure. Its name is derived from the French word «turquoise» (Turkish) because in earlier times Venetian merchants used to bring this mineral to Europe from market places in Turkey.

In mythology, the stone is referred to in relation to the Egyptian goddess Hathor -the protector of women and beauty- who was also the protector of turquoise and copper mines. The ancient Greeks considered Hathor being identical to Aphrodite/Venus.

In ancient Europe and Asia turquoise was thought as a precious and magic stone. The ancient Greeks believed that it was a sacred stone because it was born from the union of Gaia (the earth goddess/clay) with Uranus (the sky god/blue color). Theophrastus (371-287 BC) mentions turquoise in his writings as a stone called "Kallaitis" or "Kyanós", and speaks about its different types as follows:

 

«…και κύανος ὁ μέν αὐτοφυής ὁ δε σκευαστός ὤσπερ ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ, γένη δε κυάνου τρία, ὀ Αἱγύπτιος καί Σκύθης, καί τρίτος ὀ Κύπριος, βέλτιστος δ’ ὀ Αἰγύπτιος εἰς τα ἅκρατα λειώματα, ὀ δε Σκύθης εἰς τά ὐδαρέστερα, σκευαστός δ’ ὀ Αἰγύπτιος, καἰ οἰ γράφοντες τά περί τους βασιλεῖς και τοῦτο γράφουσι, τις πρῶτος βασιλεύς έποίησε χυτόν κύανον μιμησάμενος τον αὐτοφυῆ … ».

“ … so there is a  native Kyanos and a manufactured kind, such as the one in Egypt There are three kinds of Kyanos the Egyptian, the Scythian, and the Cyprian. The Egyptian is the best for making pure pigments, the Scythian for those that are more dilute. The Egyptian variety is manufactured, and those who write the history of the kings of Egypt state which king it was who first made fused Kyanos in imitation of the natural kind ... “.

Hathor Series